Karim Crow

Karim Crow

Karim Douglas Crow is a Principal Research Fellow at IAIS Malaysia.

Tuesday, 02 September 2014 11:40

IMAM Ja'far al-Sadiq and the AHL al-BAYT

jafar sadiqJa'far al-SADIQ (83–148 H / 702–776655) was a prominent spokesman in Madinah of the Banu Hashim – descendents of the Ahl al-Bayt or Family of God’s Messenger Muhammad(s) – during the eighth century CE / first-half of the second century Hijrah. During his lifetime the Umayyad dynasty was vanquished by the 'Abbasid revolution in 132 / 750. Ja'far received his honorific title “Sadiq truthsayer” because of his veracity in narrating traditions, or perhaps due to his predictions reportedly verified by later events. He boasted of double maternal descent from the first Caliph Abu Bakr al-siddiq(r.d.) through his mother Umm Farwah bint al-Qasim b. Muhammad b. Abi Bakr, and through her mother Asma bint ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Abi Bakr, affirming “Abu Bakr bore me twice.” Ja'far reportedly declared: “I am not hoping for anything through the intercession of 'Ali (on Judgement Day) save that I hope the same through the intercession of Abu Bakr.” Sadiq was esteemed among majority Sunni Muslims as a paragon of exemplary wisdom, particularly among the sufis who revered his reputation for spiritual initiation and for esoteric elucidation (tawil) of the Qur'an............. [click here to download the full article in pdf]



Monday, 01 August 2011 10:00

Bediüzzaman SAID NURSI


Few Muslims of the twentieth century have made as great an impact on their countrymen and upon Islamic renewal than the Ottoman intellectual and spiritual activist 'Mulla Said‘ known as Beddiüzzaaman 'Wonder of the Age‘ for his penetrating intelligence. The preservation of contemporary Turkish Muslim identity owes its validity largely to Nursi‘s untiring labors and model non-violent activity. His collected letters Risale-i Nur /Epistle of Light seek to demonstrate through clearly reasoned arguments and easily understood stories and comparisons, that Islamic revelation offers a rational explanation of existence and how the universe functions, while the truth of religion corroborates and reinforces modern scientific discoveries. Some Muslims view him as the saintly 'Renewer‘ for the 14th /20th century........ [click here to download the full article in pdf]



Wednesday, 21 April 2010 21:57

Al-Shafiʿi: Champion of the Sunnah

SHAFI'IMuḥammad ibn Idrīs al-Shāfiʿī (d. Rajab 204 /20th January 820) had a profound impact on the foundation of Islamic legal theory and played a significant role in the Muslim intellectual scene during the latter-half of the 2nd/8th century. He is revered as ṣir al-sunnah ‘defender of the Sunnah’ who established one of the foremost legal schools, and is noted for reconciling Hadīth-based jurisprudence with Ijtihād-based fiqh. His integration of received Tradition with Rationalism offers an important model for Muslims today............ [click here to download the full article in pdf ]



Wednesday, 24 November 2010 10:00

Al-Mas‛ūdī - Historian of Civilisations

Historical writing was a primary Islamic discipline that underwent profound elaboration over centuries, and in its early appearance portrayed a universal vision of humanity from creation until the present. From the eras of Muḥammad Ibn Isḥāq (d. 150 H/767 CE), Ibn Wadīh al-Ya‛qūbī (d. 284/897), and Ibn Jarīr al-Ṭabarī (d. 310/923), until the work of the great fourteenth century Andalusian ‛Abd al-Raḥmān Ibn Khaldūn (d. 808/1406), Muslim historians offered a comprehensive account of human earthly existence within the universal perspective taught by the Qur‘ān. Reflecting upon human history with its diverse ethnicities, languages and religions was understood to yield moral lessons and guiding admonitions for attentive thinkers. ........ [click here to download the full article in pdf ]



Tuesday, 03 August 2010 11:00

Al-Kindi: Philosopher of the Arabs

kindiAl-Kindi was a pioneer in chemistry, physics, psycho–somatic therapeutics, geometry, optics, music theory, as well as philosophy of science. His significant mathematical writings greatly facilitated the diffusion of the Indian numerals into S.W. Asia & N. Africa (today called ‘Arabic numerals’). A distinctive feature of his work was the conscious application of mathematics and quantification, and his invention of specific laboratory apparatus to implement experiments. Al-Kindi invented a mathematical scale to quantify the strength of a drug; as well as a system linked ........ [click here to download the full article in pdf ]




Born in the Central Asian city of Bukhārā (now in Uzbekistan), Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl b. Ibrāhīm al-Juʿfī studied Ḥadīth in Khurāsān in his early years. Bukhārī’s father was also a scholar who had studied under leading faqīh–traditionists in Iraq and Ḥijāz including Mālik b. Anas, Ḥammād b. Zayd, and ʿAbdallāh b. al-Mubārak. Bukhārī first visited Mecca with his mother in 210 H at the age of sixteen years. He then travelled widely in Iraq in search of knowledge studying under eminent Ḥadīth experts such as ʿAlī b. al-Madīnī and Isḥāq b. Rāhawayh....... [click here to download the full article in pdf ]




Ibn hanbalFor centuries Hanbali jurisprudence, or the fiqh attributed to Ahmad ibn Hanbal, has been viewed as the fourth school of Sunni jurisprudence. The important movement of Traditionists or ashab al-hadith collected and purified the Hadith of the Prophet, and compiled the vast mass of narrated reports transmitted over generations on the authority of the ‘Successors’ from the Companions, on the Prophet. Hadith formed the basis of the Prophetic Sunnah, religious Law, and basic creedal Doctrine on the fundamentals of faith (Usul al-din). Traditionists praised him as an expert in Islamic law and the founder of............ [click here to download the full article in pdf]



Friday, 22 October 2010 10:00

Abu Hanifah: The Rational Jurist

Abu_HanifahAbū Ḥanīfah aroused controversy among Muslim jurists in his own day, especially from certain proponents of Hadith-based jurisprudence (ahl al-hadith) for his advocacy of rationalist procedures in deducing case law. Traditionalist jurists viewed the methods by which Abū Ḥanīfah employed ijtihād al-ra’y ‘independent reasoning exertion’—especially with regard to analogical reasoning (qiyās) and juristic preference (istiḥsān)—as undermining the legal validity of Prophetic traditions in Islamic law. Abū Ḥanīfah was an outspoken critic of errors he perceived among his contemporary judges and legal scholars; while his theological views were also a matter of controversy ........ [click here to download the full article in pdf ]




In the year 478 of the Hijri calendar (1085 CE) the lawyer-theologian Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali (b. 1058—d. 1111) left his hometown of Tus in Khurasan (N.E. Iran) to enjoy the patronage of the powerful Persian statesman Nizam al-Mulk at the Saljuq court in Isfahan. Thereby the rising star of one of the great classical Muslim thinkers renowned as Hujjat al-Islam ‘The Proof of Islam’ became linked to the service of the powerful Saljuq Sultans. Ghazali remained committed to Ash‘ari theological teachings (kalam) and to Shafi‘i principles of jurisprudence (usul al-fiqh) throughout his life, making this form of Sunni orthodoxy the doctrinal basis for his intellectual and religious thought ......... [click here to download the full article in pdf ]


Saturday, 11 October 2014 12:34

Lure of the caliph and Islamic State

THE declaration of a so-called Islamic State (IS) in Syraq (Syria+Iraq) on June 27 by Sunni renegades led by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi claimed a universal authority throughout the Muslim ummah in the manner of caliphs of old. Baghdadi has degrees in Islamic studies from the Islamic University of Baghdad. He was then a preacher in Diyala province where, after the 2003 United States invasion, he led his own armed insurgency group. The veteran observer Patrick Cockburn objectively describes IS to be “the most powerful and effective extreme jihadi group in the world... violent and sectarian”................Download the full article in pdf attachment (below)

Page 1 of 2