Wednesday, 16 December 2015 10:25

Al-Biruni: Outstanding ‘Modern’ Scientist of the Golden Age of Islamic Civilisation

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The great polymath Muslim scholar, Abu al-Rayhn Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni (973-1048 CE), generally known as Al-Biruni, was one of the first Muslim scholars who demonstrated a modern scientific outlook.  He lived a full life of 75 years and undertook ground-breaking research in almost all of the natural science fields then known.  George Sarton described him as “one of the greatest scientists in Islam, and, all considered, one of the greatest of all times”. Al-Biruni was an early exponent of the experimental scientific method  and also a pioneer of comparative sociology . ........... [click here to download the full article in pdf ]



Daud Batchelor

Dr Daud Abdul-Fattah Batchelor is an Associate Fellow at IAIS Malaysia.