International Conference on Maqasid al-Shari’ah in Public Policy and Governance
- Submission of abstract Monday, 30 March 2015
- Notification of paper acceptance Monday, 13 April 2015
- Submission of full paper Friday, 29 May 2015
- Last day of registration payment Thursday, 11 June 2015
The Qur’an is evidently maqasid-oriented and frequently expressive of the objectives and purposes of its rulings. Yet development of the theories on maqasid al-Shari’ah was confined primarily to the three broad categories propounded by Imam al-Haramayn al-Juwainy (d. 478/1085), i.e. the essential purposes (darurat); the complementary objectives (hajiyat); and the desirables (tahsiniyat). His disciple Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (d. 505/1111) further contributed to the theory of maqasid by expressing the view that the Shari’ah upheld the primacy of five objectives: faith, life, intellect, lineage and property. It was only in the recent centuries subsequent scholars further developed the theory and classifications of maqasid and extended its scope to such areas as freedom, equality and justice, world peace, brotherhood, economic stability, development, strengthening of research and development (R & D) in technology and science among many other broad purposes.
The theory of maqasid is in fact extremely relevant in addressing the current and future challenges of the Muslim communities across the globe. Governance (siyasah shar’iyyah) in Islamic law is considered a trust (amanah) from the Almighty, which promotes the maqasid of equity and fairness (qist), freedom of opinion and expression (hurriyyah), social security, public welfare (maslahah), and justice (adalah). These maqasid are not necessarily limited, and may extend further. The Shari’ah thus provides the principles and codes of conduct for governance and public policy formation within Islamic Law. The conference aims to address the development of the maqasid and their application in a manner which would fulfill the needs of the contemporary society in reshaping and reforming governance and public policy while at the same time uphold Islamic principles and spirit.
- To promote a better understanding and application of maqasid al-Shari’ah in the light of contemporary needs;
- To underline the significance of the maqasid al-Shari’ah in all aspects of life, including governance and public policy (siyasah);
- To address the challenges of maqasid-compliance of policies related to social institutions, family affairs, and good governance, and provide solutions as to uphold the principles and the spirit of Islamic law;
- To propose a unified genre of compliance for government policies with the guidelines of maqasid.
Call for Papers
Areas of interest
1) Definition of Maqasid, Methodological Issues, Classifications and Identification of Maqasid
2) Purposes and means (maqasid wa wasa’il)
3) Public policy, siyasah shariyyah – salient characteristics and developments
4) Maqasid and Legal Maxims
5) Legal Maxims related to Governance
6) Maqasid, Law and Ethics - attempts at ethicalisation of the maqasid
7) Maqasid, Fiqh and Usul Fiqh, Commonalities and Differences
8) Scholastic Propensities toward Maqasid: Hanafi, Maliki, Shafie and others
9) Major Contributors to siyasah shariyyah and maqasid al-Shari’ah
10) Maqasid in Religious Practices and Ibadah
11) Maqasid and Economic Development - Maqasid index for Wellbeing.
12) Maqasid Index for Public Policy and Governance
13) Maqasid, Democracy and Fundamental Rights
14) Maqasid in Family and Society
15) Wasatiyyah as one of the Maqasid
16) Can new maqasid be identified and introduced, in addition that is, to the ones identified by earlier works?
- Bahasa Melayu
Submission should be in Microsoft Word format, font 12, Time New Roman.
The abstract should not exceed 250 words and it should contain the following details:
- Author’s information
- Problem statements and objectives
- Research methods
- Expected findings
Papers submitted must be original and have not been submitted, presented or published in any other academic forums or publications. The length of the complete paper should not exceed 6,000 words.
Selected papers will be published in Springer which is indexed by ISI Thomson Reuters.
Registration and Cancellation
- The fee will cover the conference package (proceedings, meals) only. Participants cover their own travelling and accommodation expenses.
- A group discount of 10% is available for three or more participants from one institution or corporation registering together.
- Registration is not complete until payment has been made.
- Any cancellation after Thursday, 11 June 2015 will be forfeited.
Download Papers and Presentations:
Payment by cheque or bank draft
To be made payable to: International Institute of Advanced Islamic Studies (IAIS) Malaysia
Tentative programme (last updated 12 June 2015 6pm)
The International Conference on Shari’ah Objectives in Public Policy and Governance was held between the 15th and 16th of June, 2015 at the International Institute of Advanced Islamic Studies (IAIS) Malaysia, co-organised by the Selangor Islamic Religious Council (MAIS) and Razak School of Government, and partnered with Al Naqiy Islamic Solutions Sdn Bhd and the Muslim Youth Association of Malaysia (ABIM). Sponsors included CIMB Islamic, Permodalan Nasional Berhad (PNB), Majlis Agama Islam Selangor (MAIS).
The goals of the conference were to advance applicable maqasid-based theories in the form of policies related to good governance on a global scale. Several participants presented, making up seven sessions in total over a two day period. The guests ranged from fellow academics, to government officials, policy consultants, and students.
Professor Dato’ Sri Dr. Zaleha Kamaruddin, Rector of the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), opened the conference with a keynote address revolving around the creation of a Maqasid Index for Public Policy and Governance, which seeks to grade Muslim-majority countries on the basis of how they implement Islamic principles at the government level. The framework for this assessment was constructed by 100 Muslim scholars across the globe, facilitated by IIUM, and seeks to challenge the current standard of assessment, the concept of Human Rights; the “religion of the 21st century,” according to Dr. Zaleha.
Following the keynote address, Session 1 began with a discussion on the maqasid’s Theory and Methodology. Among the four speakers, Associate Professor Dr. Adi Setia Md Dom set the mood for the discourse. He highlighted that the maqasid cannot be utilised within the contemporary secular framework of utilitarian ethics, and must only be contextualised within the boundaries of the Shari’ah. Following this, Dr. Mohamed Rafeek Mohamed Mousoon expressed the possible applicability of the maqasid through the maxim of ‘wasatiyya’, or moderation in Islam. Dr. Adis Duderija followed with his lecture on how Islamic principles view minorities, grounding his thoughts in the controversial views of the Syrian reformer, Muhammad Shahrur. Finally, the session closed with a lecture by Dr. Recep Dogan explicating the maqasid in regards to governance from the perspective of the Turkish reformer and spiritual leader, Fethullah Gulen.
Session 2 continued the theme of the first session with talks from Professor Dato’ Dr. Abdul Monir Yaacob, Nik Norishky Nik Hassan Thani, Mr. Kairat Moldashev, and Mr. Marifatul Haq Muntakhabul Haq. The first lecture discussed the nature of maqasid in relation to Human Rights, particularly regarding the Malaysian experience. The second related the concept of maqasid with “Shari’ah compliant” businesses and industry. The third focussed on the maqasid in facilitating pluralism and co-existence among different faiths and cultures, with an emphasis on taking examples from the Prophetic treaties of Medina and Hudaybiya. And finally, the fourth speech focussed on the maqasid in relation to financial transactions with emphasis on classical and contemporary approaches of the Islamic scholarly tradition.
The post-lunch discussion began with an opening speech from former Malaysian Prime Minister – and chairman of IAIS – YABhg Tun Abdullah Haji Ahmad Badawi, which provided a vision of hope and progress, not only in regards to the conference, but for society as a whole. Finally, Professor Mohammad Hashim Kamali closed with a second keynote address on the synergies between the political aspects of the Shari’ah and the concept of maqasid – how both interrelate and how the latter can affect the former; a necessary lecture in the context of policy creation and reform in the Muslim world.
Session 3 – the theme being Governance – ended the first day with three additional presentations from Dr. Abu Ayub Ibrahim, Associate Professor Dr Nor’ain Othman and Professor Dr Mahadzira Mohamed. The first talk reviewed case studies of waqaf management in Bangladesh through maqasid. The second presentation looked at the obstacles facing the tourism industry in light of Muslim majority concerns and how to implement a balanced approach to business and recreation through utilising the maqasid. Finally, Dr Mahadzira spoke on a maqasid approach towards drug abuse and rehabilitation.
The second day of the conference opened with keynote addresses from Senator Dato’ Dr. Asyraf Wajdi Dato’ Dusuki, Professor Tan Sri Dato’ Dzullkifli Abdul Razak, and Emeritus Professor Dato’ Paduka Dr. Mahmood Zuhdi Hj. Abdul Majid. Each presented a specific topic related to the maqasid, from Islamic finance to education, as well as the operational effects and realisation of maqasidbased theories in Malaysia.
Shortly thereafter, Session 4 began with the theme of Finance and Wealth Management. The first speech was given by Associate Professor Dr. Hasan Ahmad, on the foundational concepts of finance and wealth management in the context of maqasid in the 21st century. Following this, Ms. Nora’inan Bahari lectured on the concept of the maslahah (public interests) in the context of maqasid and fatwa (legal opinions) regarding business dealings in Malaysia. The session then closed with a presentation from Mr. Kazi Md. Tarique on the applications of maqasid in Islamic banking, with particular emphasis on a case study of Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited.
Session 5’s theme was Public Policy – which would continue to the final session – beginning with a speech from Associate Professor Dr. Azila Ahmad Sarkawi on a survey of local (Malaysian) authorities on their perception of maqasid in relation to urban sustainability. The next speech, by Professor Dr. Khairuddin Abdul Rashid, focussed on academic programmes centred on built environment – particularly within the International Islamic University of Malaysia – and how the maqasid can better formulate a framework for teaching architectural applications in society. Finally, Associate Professor Dr. Mohamed Azam Mohamed Adil closed the 5th session with a talk on ASB/ASN investment from a maqasid viewpoint.
After the lunch break and Zuhr prayer, the final two sessions took place, continuing the theme of ‘Public Policy.’ The session began with a speech from Dr. Muhammad Obaidullah about tax management in rural Bangladesh and how a maqasid perspective can help to assist in this task. The next presentation, by Mr. Jamaludin Ibrahim, attempted to formulate a comprehensive model of cybersecurity based on the maqasid.
The final session (7) began with Dr Mohamad Azam presenting on behalf of Ms. Rafeah Saidon on the prevention of illegal marriages based on a maqasid approach. Following his talk, Mr. Tengku Ahmad Hazri gave a talk on reinterpreting the concept of ‘constitutionalism’ through a maqasid perspective. Mr. Tawfique al-Mubarak then attempted to tie Islamic financial institutions to environmental protection through a maqasid approach. And finally, Mr. Ahmad Badri Abdullah spoke about the applications of maqasid-based ‘systems thinking’ on public health.
The second day came to a close with remarks from Professor Mohammad Hashim Kamali on the prospects of the conference, policy reforms, and gratitude towards the participants and guests, with a promise to collect all papers and suggestions for future publication.
A few of our presenters (Mr Asif Mohiuddin, Dr Amana Raquib, and Dr Maszlee Malik) were unable to be with us in person but they submitted their papers. [written by Asadullah Ali Al-Andalusi]