International Seminar on Islam and Ecological Sustainability
The role of the river is so great that the beginning of human civilisation in the world is close to the major rivers. The focus of development around the river is driven by a number of key factors including the supply of food, beverages, water for human daily use, agriculture, and a medium of transportation and trade that connects the surrounding area with the outside world.
But today, economic development activities, both agricultural and industrial, have begun to threaten the quality of river water as well as life in and around it. Clean water has been contaminated with dirty and hazardous waste. It is no longer safe to use without a thorough cleaning process. This situation is worsened when individuals and certain parties continually make the river a waste without guilt. In Malaysia, the issue of contamination of pesticides from farms, sewage from farms, and chemical waste from factories has become more and more alarming.
Rivers are a collective right that should be respected and preserved for future generations. From the Islamic point of view, preserving rivers also means protecting our lives because it is the source of water that is the basis of the life of all beings (Al-Anbiyaa '21:30). Allah Almighty does not like those who do evil and defile the face of the Earth (Al-Baqarah 2: 205). This terrible river pollution incident should be our lesson to ensure that the same mistakes do not recur. Allah Almighty says in the Qur'an, "It is evident that the damage to land and to the sea is caused by the work of human hands. God wants them to feel some of the consequences of their actions, that they may return to the right way. ” (al-Ruum 30:41).
Therefore, all sectors of society need to be aware of the importance of river conservation as the heart of human life, and instill a sense of responsibility in maintaining the cleanliness of the river. Preserving the well-being of the river is one of the environmental conservation efforts (hifz al-bi'ah) which is also the continuation of the highest goal of the shariah (maqasid al-shariah) in caring for all things that benefit the whole human race (maslahah).
- To identify Islamic concepts and principles that are in support of river and water protection.
- To elaborate the potential contribution of the Islamic civilisation to enhance green practices in society that relate directly to water and river.
- To analyse and evaluate initiatives taken by government agencies, corporate sectors, and civil societies in promoting water and river protection.
- To ignite collaborative partnerships trough exchanges of ideas and perspectives among important stakeholders in the field of river and water protections.
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