Mohammad Hashim Kamali
Professor Dato' Dr. Mohammad Hashim Kamali is founding CEO of the International Institute of Advanced Islamic Studies (IAIS) Malaysia.
This chapter begins with the definition of shari’ah and its distinction with fiqh which is basically a human understanding of shariÑah. The chapter proceeds with an overview of the Qur’an and sunnah, and then independent reasoning (ijtihad) and how they are developed by the various schools of Islamic law (madhahib).
This is followed by an overview of the characteristics feature of shari’ah, and then a section each on the goals and purposes (maqasid) of shari’ah, and its adaptation and reform in the course of 20th century.....Download the full article in pdf attachment (below)
The chapter appearing in a five-volume work, Vincent G Cornell, ed. Voice of Islam - Volume one: Voices of Tradition, New York: Praeger,2007, pp 149-182.
The Shari'ah does not provide specific guidelines on AIDS , and some its rulings on death sickness (murad al-mawt) are too focused on inheritance matters to be of much help to our understanding of AIDS. This essay provides an overview of Islam’s teachings on care and compassion for those afflicted with disease. We also look at some of the legal maxims that provide general guidelines on relevant issues. The issue we face are, however, wide ranging and although Islamic law may provide some answers, public education and cultural attitudes are equally, if not more important, in our quest for relevant answers....Download the full article in pdf attachment (below)
The chapter appears in Farid Esack and Sarah Chiddy, eds, Islam and AIDS: Between Scorn, Pity and Justice, Oxford: Oneworld publications, 2009, pp. 76-88